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Manner of Articulation

Penulis : citra priski on Wednesday, October 28, 2015 | 3:24 PM



1.      Stop
A stop is a consonant characterized by: (1) complete obstruction of the outgoing airstream by the articulators, (2) a buildup of intraoral air pressure, and (3) a release
Suara yang dihasilkan dengan menahan arus / jalan udara yang melewati mulut dan hidung. Contohnya: /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/

2.      Fricative
A fricative is a consonant produced by forcing the breath stream through a constriction formed by articulators in the vocal tract.
Suara yang dihasilkan dengan meniup udara melalui ruangan sempit yang dibentuk oleh bibir, gigi, dan lidah. Contohnya: /f/, /v/,// θ/, /ð/, /s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /h/


     3.      Affricatives
An affricate is a consonant characterized as having both a fricative and a stop manner of production.
Suara yang dihasilkan dengan menempelkan daun lidah ke langit mulut yang keras, berlawanan dengan gigi atas. Contoh: /tʃ/, /dʒ/

       4.      Nasal
Nasal refer to a consonant produced with complete closure in the oral cavity along with a lowered velum to allow airflow through the nasal cavity.
Suara yang dihasilkan dengan menghentikan hembusan udara yang melewati mulut, bibir, lidah, pangkal lidah sehingga udara akan keluar melewati hidung. Contoh: /m/, /n/, /ŋ/

        5.      Liquid
Liquid is a generic label used to classify two English approximant consonants.
Suara yang dihasilkan dengan menempelkan daun lidah ke langit mulut. Contoh: /L/, /r/

        6.      Glide
A Glide is a consonant characterized by a continued, gliding motion of the articulators into the following vowel; also referred to as a semi-vowel.
Suara yang dihasilkan oleh gerakan lidah, dengan bibir kemudian membukanya, deangan membuat tekanan udara dari tenggorokan. Contoh: /w/, /j/,

See this website http://soundsofspeech.uiowa.edu/english/english.html to get more explanations


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