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Dasar 2: Pronoun (Kata ganti orang)

Penulis : citrapriski on Tuesday, April 24, 2018 | 10:58 PM

Kegunaan pronoun (kata ganti) sama halnya noun, hanya saja kebanyakan pronoun mempunyai tiga fungsi subyek, obyek, prossesive.Pronoun dapat di kelompokan menjadi beberapa tipe:Personal Pronoun (kata ganti orang)
  • Possessive Pronoun (kata ganti kepunyaan)
  • Reflective Pronoun (kata ganti mandiri)
  • Demonstrative Pronoun (kata ganti penunjuk)
  • Interrogative Pronoun (kata ganti penanya)
  • Relative Pronoun (kata ganti penghubung)

Ø  Personal Pronoun, Possessive Pronoun and Reflective Pronoun
Personal Pronoun
Possessive
Reflexive
Subject
Object
Dependent
Independent
Pronoun
I
You
We
They
She
He
It
me
you
us
them
her
him
it
my………
your……..
our………
their……..
her………
his………
its……….
mine
yours
ours
theirs
hers
his
its
myself
yourself/selves
ourselves
themselves
herself
himself
itself

Contoh:
·         Personal Pronoun: Subject and Object
Contoh:
o   Kamu menemui saya.
You visit me
o   Kami menolong mereka.
We help them

·         Possessive: Dependent (tidak bisa berdiri sendiri) dan Independent (bisa berdiri sendiri)
Contoh:
o   Ini buku saya
This is my book (Dependent)

o   Buku ini punya saya
This book is mine (Independent)
o   Itu buku kamu
That is your book
Buku itu punya kamu
That book is yours

o   Ini pensil kamu dan itu pensil punya saya
This is your pencil and that is mine


Catatan
1.      Bentuk dependent selalu diikuti kata benda
                 Contoh:
Buku saya
My book
Buku kamu
Your book
2.      Possessive pronoun yang menggunakan “OF”
                 Contoh:
Bapaknya anak laki-laki
The father of the boys
Seekor kucingnya       
A cat of hers
3.      Possessive pronoun yang menggunakan “Aprostrophe” (‘)
Contoh:
Ibunya anak laki-laki
The boy’s mother
Bukunya murid itu     
The student’s book
·         Reflexive  Pronoun biasanya digunakan untuk;
1)      Menguatkan subject
Contoh:
Saya sendiri akan pergi ke Banjarmasin.
I myself will go to Banjarmasin.

2)      Menguatkan Object
Contoh:
Saya hanya menyintai dirimu saja.
I love only you yourself.

3)      Mengandung arti sendiri (a lone)
Contoh:
Saya menyetir mobil sendiri.
I drive a car by myself.

Ø  Demonstrative Pronoun (kata ganti penunjuk)

Singular
Plural
This
These
That
those
Contoh:
o  Ini buku kamu
This is your book
o  Ini buku-buku kamu
These are your books
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