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Bingung penggunaan "to be" khususnya : is, am, are, was dan were

Penulis : citrapriski on Monday, August 3, 2020 | 6:28 PM


Bingung penggunaan "to be" khususnya : is, am, are, was dan were
InsyaAllah penjelasan ini bisa menghilangkan kebingungan.
"To be" tersebut biasanya terletak pada tiga tempat yakni:
1. Kalimat Nominal
2. Kalimat Verbal Continuous Tense
3. Kalimat Passive

Sebelum saya membahas tiga tempat tersebut, silahkan hafalkan dulu subyek yang mengikuti setiap "tobe". Untuk mempermudah menghafal silahkan gunakan nadhom dibawah ini:
I am they we you are.       She he it Ani is.
They we you were.             She he it Ani I was.

1. Kalimat Nominal
A. Is, am, are digunakan pada Kalimat Nominal Simple Present, contoh:
I am happy.
You are not happy.
Is she happy?
Why is he sad?
B. was, were digunakan pada Kalimat Nominal Simple Past, contoh:
She was sad last night.
He was not here last night.
Were they here yesterday?
Why were you there last night?

2. Kalimat Verbal Continuous
A. Is, am, are digunakan pada Kalimat Verbal Present Continuous, contoh:
I am calling my mom now.
You are not studying English right now.
Is she cooking now?
What is he reading now?
Where are you waiting for me?
B. was, were digunakan pada Kalimat Verbal Past Continuous, contoh:
She was studying English when I called her last night.
"They were not waiting for me", she said"
Was she waiting for you?
Why were you calling him?

3. Kalimat Passive
A. Is, am, are digunakan pada Kalimat Passive Simple Present Dan Present Continuous, contoh:
<> Simple Present
     I am called by her.
     They are killed by him.
     A mango is eaten by Bayu.
<> Present Continuous
     I am being called by him.
     She is being bitten by a cat.
     English books are being read by them.
B. was, were digunakan pada Kalimat Passive pada Simple Past Dan Past Continuous, contoh:
<> Simple Past
     She was called by him last night.
     They were killed by robbers yesterday.
<> Past Continuous
     She was being bitten by a cat.
     They were being bitten by a cat.

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